GM/Biotech Crops Report – February 202012th February 2020
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GM/Biotech Crops Monthly Report February 2020
Monitoring the availability of soil water in the field normally involves the use of a neutron probe but a team in Sydney is adapting electromagnetic induction meters to assess it more rapidly while field testing chick-pea genotypes for drought resistance… Full story
Gene-silencing on the NHS
Many people, myself included, take daily statins to combat high cholesterol in the blood and now the NHS is to trial inclisiran, a compound that silences the PCSK9 gene which encourages the liver to break down ‘bad’ cholesterol more readily… Full story
GM poplar trees
Poplar trees are a common crop for production of biomass and wood fuel around the world but as they grow they emit isoprene gas which, when reacting with atmospheric pollutants, produces ozone. As well as being a greenhouse gas, this is also a respiratory irritant but now a team at the University of Arizona have used gene-silencing to grow a poplar genotype that does not produce isoprene as it grows. Sometimes you can have your cake and eat it!.. Full story
GM mosquitoes fight Dengue fever
A team led by the University of California has developed a type of mosquito that stops the spread of Dengue fever. Having identified a human antibody that suppresses the four strains of the disease, they have engineered mosquitoes to express this antibody when they feed on blood. This stops the multiplication of the virus in the mosquito and prevents the transmission to humans… Full story
Plants that store more CO2
It is only theoretical at the moment but calculations done at the University of Würzburg in Germany claim that they should be able to modify the metabolism of some plants to store up to 5 times the current level of CO2 in their tissues and that this could be a major contribution to fighting global warming… Full story
EU to review regulations on gene-editing
The European Court of Justice (ECJ) said last July that organisms obtained by mutagenesis, or gene editing plant breeding technique are genetically modified organisms (GMOs) which should therefore fall under the GMO Directive. This decision is being challenged by the European Agriculture Industry and calls have gone out to all member states to provide evidence on which this decision has been made… Full story
A vaccine to boost plants immune systems
Plants often react to a fungal attack by recognising the chitin in the fungal cell walls but some fungi convert the chitin to chitinsan which evades detection. Now a team at Munster University has found that some chitinsan molecules 4 sugar units long can stimulate the plants immune system so that it also recognises chitinsan. There are differences in efficacy between these oligomers which are being evaluated but as an exciting side line to this research, chitinsan dressings for humans are being tested for scar-free wound healing… Full story
THE LATEST ADDITIONS TO THE GM/BIOTECH DATABASE ARE:
• There are no further additions to the biotech crops database this month since none have been published
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